Turandot Giacomo Puccini
Music by Giacomo Puccini and libretto by Giuseppe Adami and Renato Simoni. The opera, unfinished by the death of Puccini, was completed by Franco Alfano and presented on April 25, 1926, at La Scala in Milan.
In Spain, the first was represented in the Grand Theatre del Liceu in Barcelona December 30, 1928.
The origin of the story of Turandot goes back to a poem called The Seven Princesses, whose author, Nezami, was a great poet of Persian literature.
This poem tells the story of a Persian prince who had “Seven princesses”, each one from a different location of the empire.
One of these princesses, of Russian origin, could not find a man worthy of her, so she hid a fortress and declared that she will go with the man who could find her and could solve a series of enigmas.
This story was picked up by Francis of the Cross, a French orientalist, who made a cultural transposition of the Russian princess in a Chinese princess named Turandot.
In this story, Carlo Gozzi created a tragicomedy that was later recreated by the German poet Friedrich Schiller. The opera consists of three acts. It contains one of the most difficult parts of the opera due to shrill required by soprano. This air occurs in the second act and begins with the phrase in “questa Reggia”.
In the third act, is one of the most famous arias by tenor, “Nessun dorma” that represents the victory of love over hate.